Document Type: Technical Note

Authors

1 Department of Mechanic , Ayatollah Amoli branch, Islamic Azad University, Amol, IR Iran.

2 Health Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 4. Nursing and Midwifery educational office, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

4 Department of Nursing, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamadan, IR Iran.

Abstract

This paper addresses the design and implemenÂ‌tation of a real-time monitoring system consisting of wireless thermometers (wireless temperature sensor node) for continuous recording of neonate body temperature in intensive care unit (ICU). Each wireless thermometer incorporates an accurate semiconductor temperature sensor, a transceiver operating on ISM frequency band (i.e., 915 MHz) as well as a microcontroller which is used to control the thermometers functionalities includÂ‌ing wireless medium access (e.g., free space or body channel), transmission and reception. A voltage regulator and a low-pass filter were also used for removing spurious signals and environmental noise from the thermometer feed line. In order to distinguish the reading of each thermometer from measurements performed by other thermometers, the I-wire protocol was used. This protocol can securely tag the temperature value by incorpoÂ‌rating a unique ID (provided by the manufacturer) into the packet sent wirelessly. An array of two thermometers was implemented and successfully tested in different scenarios, namely free-space, water (immersed thermometers) and on a volunteer’s wrist. Moreover, an in-house developed computer software was used in order to visualize the readings in addition to alerting rapid increase and high body temperature. The software also compares the measurement results with actual values. The agreement between the experimental data and real temperature values is reasonably acceptable and that of the on-body testing is significant.

Keywords