Objective: Brachytherapy sources are widely used for the treatment of cancer. The report of Task Group No. 43 (TG-43) of American Association of Physicists in Medicine is known as the most common method for the determination of dosimetric parameters for brachytherapy sources. The aim of this study is to obtain TG-43 dosimetric parameters for 60Co, 137Cs, 192Ir and 103Pd brachytherapy sources by Monte Carlo simulation.
Methods: In this study, 60Co (model Co0.A86), 137Cs (model 6520-67), 192Ir (model BEBIG) and 103Pd (model OptiSeed) brachytherapy sources were simulated using MCNPX Monte Carlo code. To simulate the sources, the exact geometric characterization of each source was defined in Monte Carlo input programs. Dosimetric parameters including air kerma strength, dose rate constant, radial dose function and anisotropy function were calculated for each source. Each input program was run with sufficient number of particle histories. The maximum type A statistical uncertainty in the simulation of the 60Co, 137Cs, 192Ir and 103Pd sources, were equal to 4%, 4%, 3.19% and 6.50%, respectively.
Results: The results for dosimetry parameters of dose rate constant, radial dose function and anisotropy function for the 60Co, 137Cs, 192Ir and 103Pd sources in this study demonstrated good agreement with other studies.
Conclusion: Based on the good agreement between the results of this study and other studies, the TG-43 results for Co0.A86 60Co, 67-65200 137Cs, BEBIG 192Ir and OptiSeed 103Pd sources are validated and can be used as input data in treatment planning systems (TPSs) and to validate the TPS calculations.