Document Type: Original Research

Authors

1 PhD, DRP, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar, Haryana, India

2 PhD, Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana, India

3 PhD, Chaudhary Ranbir Singh University, Jind, Haryana, India

4 PhD, DRP, BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi India

Abstract

Background: This study aims to investigate radiation beam geometry of Cyberknife beam and change in dosimetric characteristics of six megavoltage (6MV) flattening filter free (FFF) beam after passing through high density cadmium free compensator alloy.
Material and Methods: In this experimental study, changes in FFF beam dosimetric characteristics after passing through compensator alloy was measured. Transmitted intensity of FFF beam was measured in air by an ion chamber at a source to detector distance (SDD) of 800mm. Extended SDD measurement also has been performed at a distance of 1270mm to analyze scattering due to compensator. Linear attenuation coefficient (µeff) was measured for cadmium free compensator alloy using simple exponential attenuation model. Percentage depth doses (PDDs) have been measured by a radiation field analyzer with compensator material to observe the beam hardening and change in surface doses and depth doses.
Results: Linear attenuation coefficient of compensator alloy was measured 0.042 (Standard Deviation ±0.00099) mm-1 and it was found that there is no change with increase in collimator size. Even after increasing distance source from detector, µeff has no change. PDDs were found to increase with thickness of compensator. PDD from a 60mm collimator size increased by 5% and 6% at a depth of 100mm and 200mm, respectively in water. PDD also increased with collimator size less significantly. Surface dose was found to decrease with increase in compensator thickness.
Conclusion: Cyberknife beam has been found to be narrow beam geometry. FFF beam contains lesser scattered photons. Presence of high density compensator filters out the soft x-ray photon causes significant dosimetric changes.

Keywords

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