Document Type: Original Research


Department of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Background: Dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) provides functional information on the microcirculation in tissues by analyzing the enhancement kinetics which can be used as biomarkers for prostate lesions detection and characterization.Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate spatiotemporal patterns of tumors by extracting semi-quantitative as well as wavelet-based features, both extracted from pixel-based time-signal intensity curves to segment prostate lesions on prostate DCE-MRI. Methods: Quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI data were acquired on 22 patients. Optimal features selected by forward selection are used for the segmentation of prostate lesions by applying fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering. The images were reviewed by an expert radiologist and manual segmentation performed as the ground truth. Results: Empirical results indicate that fuzzy c-mean classifier can achieve better results in terms of sensitivity, speciï‌city when semi-quantitative features were considered versus wavelet kinetic features for lesion segmentation (Sensitivity of 87.58% and 75.62%, respectively) and (Specificity of 89.85% and 68.89 %, respectively).Conclusion: The proposed segmentation algorithm in this work can potentially be implemented for automatic prostate lesion detection in a computer aided diagnosis scheme and combined with morphologic features to increase diagnostic credibility


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