Document Type : Original Research


1 PhD, Radiation Applications Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD, Research Center for Science and Technology in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 MSC Student, Department of Energy Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

4 BSc, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


Background: Electromagnetic induction hyperthermia is a promising method to treat the deep-seated tumors such as brain and prostatic tumors. This technique is performed using the induction of electromagnetic waves in the ferromagnetic cores implanted at the solid tumor.
Objective: This study aims at determining the conditions of the optimal thermal distribution in the different frequencies before performing the in vitro cellular study.
Material and Methods: In this experimental study, the i-Cu alloy (70.4-29.6;wt%) was prepared and characterized and then the parameters, affecting the amount of induction heating in the ferromagnetic core, were investigated. Self-regulating cores in 1, 3, 6, and 9 arrangements in the water phantom with a volume of 2 cm3 were used as a replacement for solid tumor.
Results: Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) analysis and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS) show the uniformity of the alloy after 4 times remeling by vacuum arc remelting furnace. The Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM) shows that the Curie temperature (TC) of the ferromagnetic core is less than 50 °C. Temperature profile with a frequency of 100-400 kHz for 30 min, was extracted by infrared imaging camera, indicating the increase temperature in the range of 42 °C to 46 °C.
Conclusion: The optimum conditions with used hyperthermia system are supplied in the frequency of 100 kHz, 200 kHz and 400 kHz with 6, 3 and 1 seeds, respectively. It is also possible to induce a temperature up to 50 °C by increasing the number of seeds at a constant frequency and power, or by increasing the applied frequency at a constant number of seeds.