Document Type : Original Research

Authors

1 MSc, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD Candidate, Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 PhD, Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 MSc, Physiotherapy Research Center, School of Rehabilitation, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

5 MD, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

6 PhD, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive encephalopathy before, during, or after childbirth with almost the most common type, i.e. spastic diplegic, leading to a frequent walking problem, In-toeing. Orthoses can reduce the consequences of CP.
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of combining twister wrap orthoses (TWO) with high-top shoes on the balance parameters of children with spastic diplegic CP.
Material and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, twenty children (aged 6.8 ± 0.5 years) with spastic diplegic CP with in-toeing gait participated. The tests were conducted in three conditions: 1) in bare-foot, 2) with high-top shoes, and 3) with high-top shoes plus TWO and the orthoses effects on balance parameters were compared.
Results: High-top shoes positively decreased center of pressure (COP) sway in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction. Both high-top shoes and high-top shoes with TWO conditions compared to bare-foot conditions significantly improved standing balance by decreasing the ellipse area. Pairwise, wearing TWO and high-top shoes significantly reduced the COP sway in the medial-lateral (ML) and AP directions with a significant difference between using the combined orthoses and the shoe without TWO in ML of COP displacement.
Conclusion: High-top shoes alone and the combination of high-top shoes with TWO conditions may enhance the stability of children with spastic diplegia more than barefoot. Although the use of combined orthoses induced significant improvement in the ML direction of COP displacement.

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