Document Type: Original Research


Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Molla-Sadra Street, Vanak Square, 19991- 43344 Tehran, Iran


Periodontal ligament is a thin layer of soft tissue that connects root of a tooth to the surrounding alveolar bone. These ligaments play an important role in initiating tooth movement when loads are applied to teeth with orthodontic appliances. The majority of such soft tissues exhibit as viscoelastic bodies or have a time-dependent behavior. Due to the viscoelastic behavior of the periodontal ligaments, the mechanical properties are strongly affected by the loading history. Poisson’s ratios for the viscoelastic materials are time-dependent (in time domain) or complex frequency-dependent (in frequency domain) quantities. Moreover, three-dimensional stress fields depend on these Poisson’s ratios. The main objective of this work was to develop a mathematical approach capable of determining the time-dependent Poisson’s ratios of the periodontal ligaments based on experimental data of stress relaxation and creep tests. The resulting stress relaxation and creep curves are described by a three-parameter viscoelastic models. The time-dependent Poisson’s ratios of the periodontal ligaments have been obtained as increasing functions of time, because shear modulus of these ligaments relaxes much more than their bulk modulus.